Complications - PCSC

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Complications

Take Charge of your Diabetes


Diabetes can affect many parts of your body, including your heart (heart attack or stroke), eyes (blindness or glaucoma), feet (foot ulcers, nerve damage and or amputation) and kidneys (dialysis or failure).

Keeping your blood sugar (glucose) in good control and taking care of your feet every day can help you avoid serious foot problems.

Diabetes can damage the nerves and reduce blood flow in your feet, causing corns, skin ulcers and numbness.

Groups Affected by Diabetes
Diabetes is more common in African Americans, Latinos, native Americans, Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders as well as the aged population.

Diabetes - Factors for Infection

  • Hyperglycemia

  • Dry, cracked skin

  • Cuts that are not clean

  • Walking barefoot

  • Corns, calluses, ingrown nails, blisters



Diabetes - Calluses and Corns

  • Ill-fitting/tight shoes

  • Walking barefoot

  • Wearing high heels

  • Pressure point - too much weight

  • Claw Toes - friction


Side Effects of Diabetes

Cardiovascular disease

  • PVD-Peripheral Vascular Disease

Nephropathy

  • kidneys - insulin & high sugars

Neuropathy

  • Damage to the nerve


Nerve damage can cause you to loose feeling in your feet. You may not feel a pebble inside your sock or shoe that is causing a sore. You may not feel a blister caused by poorly fitting shoes. Foot injuries such as these can cause foot ulcers which may lead to amputation. Avoid crossing your legs, this can cause pressure on the nerves and blood vessels.

Retinopathy

  • eyes

Discoloured/Thick Nails

  • coarse and irregular

  • aging

  • fungal infection

Discoloured skin

  • thin skin / no hair

  • non-elastic








 
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